Global Warming General Thread

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Sun Jan 12, 2014 9:03 pm

"Given last week's frigid temperatures, you'd think all-time cold records piled up faster than the snow. But paleo-climatologist Michael Mann, author of the Hockey Stick & the Climate Wars and a very busy scientist over the last few days, pointed out something important. "During the last decade, record highs outnumbered record-lows by a factor of 2 to 1 in the U.S. So far this decade, the number is closer to 3 to 1." Mann added, "There were a fair number of daily records set, but no all time or monthly low temperature records have been officially reported in the US as a result of this event." Dr. Jeff Masters at the WeatherUnderground agreed:

As notable as the week's cold wave was ... the event failed to set any monthly or all-time record low minimum temperature records at airports and cooperative observing stations monitored by NOAA's National Climatic Data Center. As wunderground's weather historian Christopher C. Burt summed it up for me, "The only significant thing about the cold wave is how long it has been since a cold wave of this force has hit for some portions of the country--18 years, to be specific. Prior to 1996, cold waves of this intensity occurred pretty much every 5-10 years. In the 19th century, they occurred every year or two. ..." LINK


http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/01/1 ... =facebook#
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Mon Jan 13, 2014 10:24 pm

Image

Why Climate Deniers Have No Scientific Credibility: Only 1 of 9,136 Recent Peer-Reviewed Authors Rejects Global Warming

"I have brought my previous study (see here and here) up-to-date by reviewing peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals over the period from Nov. 12, 2012 through December 31, 2013. I found 2,258 articles, written by a total of 9,136 authors. (Download the chart above here.) Only one article, by a single author in the Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, rejected man-made global warming. I discuss that article here."

http://desmogblog.com/2014/01/08/why-cl ... al-warming

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Image

***
"The Climate Reality Project has produced an online video short linking effectively for viewers the parallels between the tobacco industry's attempts to lie and downplay the threat of smoking with conservative advocates' efforts to downplay the reality and threat of climate change. The video translates the narrative from Naomi Oreskes' and Erik Conway's book Merchants of Doubt.
Perhaps the most effective comparison in the video comes at the 3:40 minute mark, comparing iconic 1994 footage of CEOs of the major tobacco companies telling Congress under oath that they did not believe that nicotine was addictive with recent statements by conservative commentators about global warming."
http://bigthink.com/age-of-engagement/m ... s-not-real

Video clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhDacrl1aSA#t=11
"I'm not a skeptic because I want to believe, I'm a skeptic because I want to know." --Michael Shermer

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby graybear13 » Wed Jan 22, 2014 10:16 am

I am a land surveyor in northwest Arkansas and my job keeps me outside most of the time. Something that I have noticed about climate change in this area beginning in the early 1990's is that spring has been coming earlier each year. Last year signs of spring started in early march, such as blossoming crows foot and blood root on the hill sides and witch hazel in the hollows. I always pay more attention to the coming of spring because my job gets a lot easier without the cold and snow on the ground. I always say 'if I can just make it to the flowers'. Now it seems that winter has come a month early. I see farmers crops failing in the summer heat, maybe they should plant a month earlier than they do because summer is coming a month early also. Anyway I hope February is mild or I might run out of fire wood.

regards graybear

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:36 pm

NASA: 2013 Tied For the 7th Hottest Year on Record
—By Chris Mooney| Wed Jan. 22, 2014

"Yesterday, NASA and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), jointly put the year 2013 in its climate context. It was a very hot one: NASA's data have 2013 in a three-way tie for the seventh hottest year in recorded history, while NOAA's have it in a three-way tie for the fourth hottest. (The gap arises due to slight differences in how the two agencies take into account matters like the warming of the Arctic, where there are relatively few weather stations.)

But those little discrepancies don't matter that much, explains NASA's Gavin Schmidt, who is deputy chief of the agency's Goddard Institute for Space Studies. What really matters is the larger pattern, and here there's really no disagreement. "The fact of the matter is that the long term trends are very clear," says Schmidt.

How clear? NOAA and NASA agree that with the exception of 1998 (the year of a record-breaking El Nino event), every single one of the top 10 hottest years has occurred since the year 2000."

Image
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Thu Jan 30, 2014 12:22 am

Global temperature 2013

The global temperature data for 2013 are now published. 2010 and 2005 remain the warmest years since records began in the 19th Century. 1998 ranks third in two records, and in the analysis of Cowtan & Way, which interpolates the data-poor region in the Arctic with a better method, 2013 is warmer than 1998 (even though 1998 was a record El Nino year, and 2013 was neutral).

The end of January, when the temperature measurements of the previous year are in, is always the time to take a look at the global temperature trend. (And, as the Guardian noted aptly, also the time where the “climate science denialists feverishly yell [...] that global warming stopped in 1998.”) Here is the ranking of the warmest years in the four available data sets of the global near-surface temperatures (1):

See chart here: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/ar ... more-16736

Image

Conclusion
In all four data series of the global near-surface air temperature, the linear trend even from the extreme El Niño year 1998 is positive, i.e. shows continued warming, despite the choice of a warm outlier as the initial year. In all four data series of the global near-surface air temperature, 2010 was the warmest year on record, followed by 2005. The year 1998 is, at best, rank 3 – in the currently best data set of Cowtan & Way, 1998 is actually only ranked 7th. Even 2013 is – without El Niño – warmer there than 1998."

Realclimate
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Tue Mar 25, 2014 10:23 am

New research shows why the planet is still heating up

"2) Thirteen of the 14 warmest years on record have occurred in the 21st century. The only year outside the 2000s that is in the top 14 is 1998, which was unusually warm because a strong El Niño occurred that year. Still, individual years don't matter as much as the long-term trend. To that end, this chart, which assigns each decade a color, shows how the warmest 50 years stack up against one another. Notice that the years don't line up in perfect chronological order, but years of the same color (and thus decade) are clustered closely together, with years from the most recent decade topping the chart."

Image

LINK

Image

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Mon May 05, 2014 11:12 pm

"I'm not a skeptic because I want to believe, I'm a skeptic because I want to know." --Michael Shermer

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Tue Jan 06, 2015 9:37 pm

Probably the best response to the 1998 cherry pick canard:

"2014 may set a new temperature record. So can we please stop claiming global warming has “stopped”?
"Yet the fact remains that the 2000s were considerably hotter than the 1990s, and indeed, in most datasets 1998 isn't even the hottest year any longer. Without even taking 2014 into consideration at all, NASA considers 1998 merely the fourth hottest year (behind 2010, 2005, and 2007, and tied with 2002) and NOAA considers it third (behind 2010 and 2005)."
Washington Post
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Thu Jan 15, 2015 1:00 pm

Image

***
"2014 Was The Hottest Year Since At Least 1880"

"2014 was the hottest year in 135 years of record-keeping, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and NASA announced on Friday.

The year's average combined global land and ocean surface temperature was 58.24 degrees Fahrenheit, according to NOAA. This is 1.24 F above the 20th-century average. Global average land temperatures were 1.80 F above average, while ocean surface temperatures were 1.03 F above average, the agency said. Land temperatures alone were only the fourth-warmest on record, but ocean temperatures were the warmest, which helped to make 2014 the warmest year overall.

NOAA and NASA record temperature observations independently, but both agencies confirmed 2014 to be a record-breaking year. NASA reported 2014’s average temperature to be 58.42 F, which the agency reported was 1.22 F above a 1951-1980 average.

Previously, 2010 and 2005 held the record, but the 2014 temperature edged out both years by 0.07 F. The 10 warmest years on record have all been after 1998, and 2014 marked the 38th straight year with global average temperatures above the 20th-century average."
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/01/1 ... 79896.html
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Fri Jan 16, 2015 9:31 pm

The answer to the question is no.
---
Will 2014 Finally Be the Year That Puts the Climate Denialists' 1998 Chestnut to Rest?
"The climate science denier go-to chart, which goes from 1998 through 2012, looks like this:

Image

No warming! But how can that be? Well, if you cherry pick your start and end dates, you can show just about anything. Here's the same chart extended by a mere two years on either side. It goes from 1996 through 2014:

Image

Warming! How about that? It's amazing how you can lie with numbers if you put your mind to to it. And here's the full chart since 1900:

Image

NASA announced today that we set a record last year: "The year 2014 ranks as Earth's warmest since 1880, according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists."

Mother Jones
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Wed Jan 28, 2015 11:54 am

From an Amazon review:
http://www.amazon.com/review/R2PV0AY1X6 ... 0988877740

***
The sum total is that over 660 science organizations in 85 countries that agree that humans have caused and are causing dangerous climate change, without even one rejecting that conclusion.
Here is a partial list of science organizations that accept the evidence and therefore the consensus that human-caused climate change has happened and is happening.

Argentina
- Departamento de Geologia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan

Australia
- Advanced Centre for Queensland University Isotope Research Excellence, University of Queensland
- Antarctic Co-operative Research Centre, University of Tasmania, Hobart
- CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Canberra, ACT - Department of Geology, The Australian National University, Canberra
- Geoscience Australia, Hobart
- Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart
- Radiogenic Isotope Laboratory, Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland
- School of Geosciences, University of Wollongong, NSW

Austria
- Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck
- Institute for High Mountain Research, Innsbruck
- Institute of Limnology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Mondsee

Belgium
- Department of Biology, Ghent University
- Department of Biology, Section Protistology & Aquatic Ecology, Ghent University, Ghent
- Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Mons
- International Bureau of Environmental Study, Brussels
- Universite catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve

Brazil
- Laboratory of Coastal Dynamics, Federal University of Para', Bele'm (Pa)

Canada
- Alberta Research Council, Calgary
- Canadian Forest Service, Edmonton, Alberta
- Centre d'Etudes Nordiques, Laboratoire de Paleoecologie Aquatique, Universite Laval, Quebec
- Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C.
- Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
- Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
- Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
- Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Birtish Columbia
- Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia
- Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario
- Department of Geology and Geophysics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta
- Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo
- Geological Survey of Canada, Vancouver, B.C.
- GEOTOP, Geochemistry and Geodynamics Research Center, Montreal, Quebec
- Institut National de la Recherché Scientifique, Centre Eau, Terre et Environnement, Quebec
- Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology, Department of Geography, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
- Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology, Ottawa-Carleton Institute of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
- Pacific Geoscience Center, Geological Survey of Canada, Sidney British Columbia
- Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL), Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
- Paleolimnology-Paleoecology Laboratory, Départment de géographie et Centre d'études nordiques, Université Laval, Québec City, Québec
- Parks Canada Fire and Vegetation Specialist, Radium Hot Springs, B.C.
- Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, Brotish Columbia
- School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia

Chile
- Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology and Biodiversity, Departamento de Ecologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago
- Center for Oceanographic Research in the Eastern South Pacific, University of Concepcion, Concepcion
- Department of Geophysics, University of Concepcion, Concepcion
- Department of Oceanography, University of Concepcion, Concepcion
- Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity, Las Palmeras, Santiago
- Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria, Santiago
- Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion

China
- Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21th Century, Beijing
- Center for Arid Environment and Paleoclimate Research, Lanzhou University
- China Center of Desert Research, Beijing Normal University
- Climate Data Center of Qinghai, Qinghai Meteorological Bureau, Xining - Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou
- College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun
- Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Peking University, Beijing
- Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China
- Department of Environment Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an
- Department of Resources and Environment Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing
- East China Normal University, Shanghai
- First Institute of Oceanography, Qingdao
- Geological Analysis Center, Beijing
- Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- Institute of Chinese History and Geography, Fudan University, Shanghai
- Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an High-Tech Zone, Xi'an
- Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science
- Institute of Hydrologic and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Zhengding
- Institute of Peatmire, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin
- Institute of Plateau Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Chengdu
- Institute of Resources and Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing
- Institute of Salty Lake, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining
- Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai
- Key Laboratory of Lake Sedimentation and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao
- Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing
- Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing
- Laboratory of Lake Sedimentation and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Nanjing
- Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- Laboratory of Watershed Hydrology and Ecology, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou
- Lanzhou Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou
- Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Marine Geology College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao
- MOE Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou
- Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing
- School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing
- School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Gansu
- South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou
- State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, Guizhou
- State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soils Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou
- State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing
- State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an
- State Key Laboratory of Mineral Deposit Research, Institute of Surficial Geochemistry, Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University
- State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Adademy of Sciences, Beijing
- Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi
- Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research for Sustainable Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai

Czech Republic
- Geophysics Institute, Czech Academy of Science

Denmark
- AMS 14C Laboratory, Institute for Physics and Astronomy, Århus University
- Centre for Ice and Climate, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
- Department of Earth Sciences, University of Aarhus, Århus
- Department of Geophysics, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
- Geographic Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
- Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen
- Geophysical Isotope Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
- Natural Science Research Institute, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen
- The Niels Bohr Institute, Department of Geophysics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
- Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde

Estonia
- Institute of Geology, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn

Ethiopia
- Department of Earth Sciences, University of Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa

Finland
- Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi
- Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki
- Department of Chemistry, University of Oulu, Oulu
- Department of Geography, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
- Department of Geophysics, University of Oulu, Oulu
- Department of Geology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
- Department of Geology, University of Turku, Turku
- Department of Geosciences and Geography, Division of Geology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
- Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Oulu
- Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki
- Department of Quaternary Geology, University of Turku
- Department of Teacher Education, University of Joensuu, Savonlinna
- Faculty of Forest Sciences, University of Joensuu, Joensuu
- Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki
- Geological Survey of Finland, Kuopio
- Mekrijarvi Research Station, University of Joensuu, Ilomantsi
- North Savo Regional Environment Centre, Kuopio
- Rovaniemi Research Unit, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Rovaniemi
- SAIMA Unit of Savonlinna Department of Teacher Education, University of Joensuu, Savonlinna
- Vantaa Research Unit, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa

France
- Centre de Bio-Archeologie et d'Ecologie, Institut de Botanique, Montpellier
- Centre Littoral de Géophysique, Université de La Rochelle
- CEREGE, BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence cedex 4
- Départment de Géologie et Océanographie, Université Bordeaux, Talence
- Départment Écologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris
- Départment Paléoenvironments, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier
- Département Terre-Atmosphe`re-Oce'an and Laboratoire de Me'te'orologie Dynamique/IPSL, Ecole Normale Supe'rieure, Paris
- DIMAR, Luminy, 13288 Marseille cedex 9
- EPSHOM, Cellule sédimentologie, Brest
- Geoarchitecture & Geosciences, Universite Europeenne de Bretagne, Vannes
- Geosciences Department & Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris
- Geosciences Rennes, Universite de Rennes, Rennes Cedex
- Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier, Equipe Paleoenvironments
- Institute of Alpine Geography, University of Grenoble, Grenoble
- Laboratoire d'Etude de Geo-Environments Marins, Universite de Perpignan
- Laboratoire de Chrono-Ecologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Besançon
- Laboratoire de Chrono-Environnement, UFR Sciences et Techniques, Universite de Franche-Comte
- Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environment du CNRS, Saint-Martin d'Heres Cedex
- Laboratoire des Sciences du Climate et de l'Environnement, Domaine du CNRS
- Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment, Unité de recherché mixte CEA/CNRS, Campus du CNRS
- Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment, Gif sur Yvette
- Laboratoire EDYTEM, Universite de Savoie
- LODYC, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris
- Morphodynamique continentale et côtière, Université de Caen
- Université de Caen, Caen
- Université de Perpignan, Perpignan

Gabon
- IRSH/GREH, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique et Technique (CENAREST), Libreville
- Wildlife Conservation Society, Libreville

Germany
- Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven
- Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Research Unit Potsdam
- Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Hannover
- Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle Ltd. (UFZ), Department of Hydrogeology, Research Group of Palaeoclimatology, Halle
- Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen
- Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Bremen
- Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, Potsdam
- Department of Geography, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg
- Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Bremen
- Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universität Bremen, Bremen
- Faculty for Physics and Geoscience, Institute for Geophysics and Geology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig
- Forschungsstelle Radiometrie, Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Heidelberg
- GeoConsult Rein, Oppenheim
- GeoForschungsZentrum, Potsdam
- GEOMAR Research Center for Marine Geosciences, Kiel
- German Advisory Council on Global Change
- German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam
- Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg
- Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, MPI fur Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg, Heidelberg
- Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Heidelberg
- IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel
- Institut für Geowissenschaften, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz
- Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universitat Kiel, Kiel
- Institute of Geological Sciences, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin
- Institute for Geology, Technical University for Mining and Technology, Freiberg
- Institute for Geosciences, University of Mainz, Mainz
- Institute of Geography, Stuttgart
- Institut und Museum für Geologie und Paläontologie, Universität Göttingen, Göttingen
- Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemunde
- Meteorologisches Institut, Universitat Hamburg, Hamburg
- Potsdam-Institut fur Klimafolgen-forschung, Potsdam
- Research Centre Julich, Sedimentary Systems, Julich

Hungary
- Geophysics Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Science, c/o Geophysics Department, Eötvös University, Budapest

Iceland
- Department of Geosciences, University of Iceland, Askja, Reykjavik
- Earth Science Institute, University of Iceland, Askja, Reykjavik

India
- Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow
- Department of Geology, Lucknow University, Lucknow
- Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
- Department of Schence and Technology, New Delhi
- Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad
- Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehra Dun

Ireland
- Department of Geography, National University of Ireland, Galway
- Non-institutional

Israel
- Department of Environmental Sciences, The Weizmann Institute of Sciences, Rehovot
- Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem

Italy
- Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Pisa
- C.N.R. Centro di Studio per la Geodinamica Alpina e Quaternaria, Milan
- C.N.R. Centro di Studio per la Geologia Strutturale e Dinamica dell'Appennino, Pisa
- CNR - ISMAR, Istituto Scienza del Mare, Bologna
- CNR - Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, Verbania Pallanza
- Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Florence
- Dipartimento di Fisica Generale-Universita, Torino
- Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Ambiente e del Territorio, Universita de Milano, Milano
- Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Universita di Pisa
- Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Ambientali e Marine, Universita di Trieste, Trieste
- Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche e Geotecnologie, Universita di Milano-Bicocca, Milan
- Dipartimento Scienze della Terra, Universita di Bologna, Bologna
- ENEA C.R. Casaccia, Santa Maria di Galeria, Rome
- European Commission-DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Ispra
- Instituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, Torino
- Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali, Trento

Japan
- Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Kyoto University, Kumamoto
- Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, Nankoku, Kochi
- Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya
- Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya
- Department of Earth System Science, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka
- Department of Environmental Sciences, Shinshu University, Matsumoto
- Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji - Department of Geology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa
- Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo
- Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo
- Environmental Chemistry Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki
- Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo
- Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Ibaraki
- Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Kyushu Research Center, Kumamoto
- Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tohoku Research Center, Morioka
- Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba
- Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sappora
- Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya
- Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka
- IGG, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba
- International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto
- Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama, Kanagawa
- Institute for Hydrospheric-Atmospheric Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya
- Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tsukuba
- National Institute of Polar Research, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo
- Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo

Kenya
- Department of Geology, Chiromo Campus, University of Nairobi, Nairobi

Korea
- Department of Marine Science, Pusan National University
- Department of Science Education, Chungbuk National University, Chongju, Chungbuk-do
- Geological and Environmental Hazards Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon
- Marine Environmental & Climate Change Laboratory, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
- Polar Sciences Laboratory, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute

Lithuania
- Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipeda University, Klaipeda
- Institute of Geology and Geography, Vilnius
- The Institute of Baltic Region History and Archaeology, Klaipeda University, Klaipeda

Mexico
- Departamento do Ecologia y Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
- Departamento de Ecologia y Recursos Naturales-IMECBIO, Centro Universitario de la Costa Sur, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco
- El Colegio De La Frontera Sur, Herbario, Chetumal, Quintana Roo
- Laboratorio de Paleomagnetismo y Paleoambientes, Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacan
- Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Francisco J. Mujica S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, Edifico R. Morelia, Michoacan

Nepal
- Department of Geology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu

Netherlands
- Department of Marine Biogeology, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University of Amsterdam, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam
- Department of Marine Geology, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Texel
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED), Paleoecology and Landscape Ecology, University of Amsterdam
- Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam
- Laboratory of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Institute of Environmental Biology, Utrecht University, Utrecht
- Palaeoecology, Institute of Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Utrecht

New Zealand
- Chemistry Department, University of Waikato, Hamilton
- Gondwana Tree-ring Laboratory, Little River
- Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, Palmerston North
- National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd.
- School of Geography, Geology and Environmental Science, University of Auckland, Auckland
- Wildlands Consultants Ltd.

Norway
- Botanical Institute, University of Bergen
- Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen
- Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen
- Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen
- Department of Geography, University of Bergen
- Department of Geology, University of Oslo, Olso
- Department of Geology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø
- Geological Institute, University of Bergen, Allégaten, Bergen
- Geological Survey of Norway, Trondheim
- Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen
- Norwegian Fishery College, University of Tromso, Tromso
- Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø
- Norwegian University of Technology and Science, Trondheim
- SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, Trondheim
- University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen

Poland
- Department of Palaeoceanology, University of Szczecin, Szczecin
- Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw

Portugal
- Departamento de Geologia Marinha, INETInovação, Estrada da Portela - Zambujal, Amadora
- Department of Geoscience, University of Azores
- Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e das Pescas (INIAP), Lisboa
- Marine Geology Department, National Institute of Engineering, Technology and Innovation-INETI, Alfragide

Russia
- A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
- Cosmic Ray Laboratory, A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg
- Dynamical-Stochastical Laboratory, Hydrometeorological Research Centre of Russia, Moscow
- Geophysics and Mineralogy, United Institute of Geology, Novosibirsk
- Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
- Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
- Institute of Geology, URS Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa
- Institute of Geophysics, UB Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg
- Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg
- Limnological Institute, Irkutsk
- Moscow State University, Moscow
- Shirshov Institute of Oceanography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
- Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk
- Trofimuk United Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineralogy, Novosibirsk
- West-Siberian Center of Monitoring on Environment Pollution, Novosibirsk

South Africa
- Archaeology Department, University of the Witwatersrand
- Climatology Research Group, University of the Witwatersrand
- Dating Research Unit, CSIR, Pretoria
- Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town
- Department of Plant Sciences, University of the Free State
- Quaternary Dating Research Unit, CSIR
- School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand

Spain
- Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Ceintificas, Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales, Madrid
- CSIC_UB Limnology Group, Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes, Blanes
- Departament de Biologia Animal, Vegetal, i Ecologia, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona
- Departamento de Edafologia y Quimica Agricola, Santiago de Compostela
- Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Chemical and Environmental Research (CSIC), Barcelona
- Department of Geology, University of Alcala, Madrid
- Department of Prehistory, Ancient History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona
- Department of Stratigraphy, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid
- Direccion de Geologia y Geofisica, Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espana, Madrid
- Direccion de Recursos Minerales y Geoambiente, Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espana, Madrid
- Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Barcelona
- Instituto Pirenaico de Ecologia (C.S.I.C.), Zaragoza

Sweden
- Angstrom Laboratory, Division of Ion Physics, Uppsala
- Climate Impact Research Centre, Umed University, Abisko
- Department of Earth Sciences-Marine Geology, Goteborg University, Goteborg
- Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala
- Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology Program, Uppsala University
- Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umea University, Umea
- Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm
- Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm
- Department of Natural Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall
- Department of Oceanography, Earth Sciences Centre, Goteborg University, Goteborg
- Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University
- Department of Physical Geography, Umea University, Umea
- Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University
- Department of Quaternary Geology, Lund University, Lund
- Department of Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University
- Department of Quaternary Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm
- Earth Sciences Center, Göteborg University
- GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Quaternary Sciences, Lund University, Solveg

Switzerland
- Department of Geography, University of Berne, Bern
- Department of Geography, University of Zurich-Irchel, Zurich
- EAWAG, Duebendorf
- Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule, Geologisches Institut, Zurich
- Geological Institute, University of Bern
- Institut de Mineralogie et Petrographie, Lausanne
- Institute of Geography, University of Lausanne, Lausanne
- Institute of Particle Physics, ETH-Hoenggerberg, Zurich
- Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Bern
- Limnoceane, Institut de Geologie, Neuchatel
- National Centre of Competence in Research on Climate, Bern
- Natural History Museum of the Canton Ticino, Lugano
- NCCR Climate, University of Bern, Bern
- Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern
- Institut fur Geologie, Isotopengeologie, Universitat Bern, Berne
- Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Bern
- Paul Scherrer Institut, Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry
- Swiss Federal Research Institute, Dendro Sciences Unit, Birmensdorf
- Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Birmensdorf

Taiwan
- Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei
- Department of Life Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei
- Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei
- Research Center for Environmental Change, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei

United Kingdom
- British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
- Centre for Environmental Change and Quaternary Research, GEMRU, University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham
- Centre for Environmental Research, University of Sussex, Brighton
- Centre for Quaternary Science, Coventry University, Coventry
***
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Fri Feb 13, 2015 10:44 am

From here: http://environmentalforest.blogspot.co. ... -team.html

Enough hockey sticks for a team

One of the persistent denier myths is that the Hockey Stick (usually meaning Mann et al. 1999) has been discredited. Not only is that myth false but Mann et al. (1999) has been validated through the publication of numerous hockey stick graphs since 1999. Here is a brief list of the ones I know:

Crowley 2000: Used both his own and Mann et al. (1999)'s hockey sticks to examine the cause of temperature changes over the past 1,000 years. Found that natural forcings could not explain twentieth century warming without the effect of greenhouse gases.

Huang, et al. 2000: Reconstructed global average temperatures since AD 1500 using temperature data from 616 boreholes from around the globe.

Bertrand et al. 2002: Reconstructed solar output, volcanic activity, land use changes, and greenhouse gas concentrations since AD 1000, then computed the expected temperature changes due to those forcings. Compared the computed temperature changes with two independent temperature reconstructions.

Esper et al. 2002: Reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperatures between AD 800 and AD 2000 using tree ring chronologies.

Cronin et al. 2003: Reconstructed temperatures between 200 BC and AD 2000 around Chesapeake Bay, USA, using sediment core records.

Pollack and Smerdon 2004: Reconstructed global average temperatures since AD 1500 using temperature data from 695 boreholes from around the globe.

Esper et al. 2005: Compared and averaged five independent reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere temperatures from AD 1000 to AD 2000.

Moberg et al. 2005: Combined tree ring proxies with glacial ice cores, stalagmite, and lake sediment proxies to reconstruct Northern Hemisphere temperatures from AD 1 to AD 2000.

Oerlemans 2005: Reconstructed global temperatures from AD 1500 to AD 2000 using 169 glacial ice proxies from around the globe.

Rutherford, et al. 2005: Compared two multi-proxy temperature reconstructions and tested the results of each reconstruction for sensitivity to type of statistics used, proxy characteristics, seasonal variation, and geographic location. Concluded that the reconstructions were robust to various sources of error.

D'Arrigo et al. 2006: Reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperatures between AD 700 and AD 2000 from multiple tree ring proxies using a new statistical technique called Regional Curve Standardization. Concluded that their new technique was superior to the older technique used by previous reconstructions.

Osborn and Briffa 2006: Used 14 regional temperature reconstructions between AD 800 and AD 2000 to compare spatial extent of changes in Northern Hemisphere temperatures. Found that twentieth century warming was more widespread than any other temperature change of the past 1,200 years.

Hegerl et al. 2007: Combined borehole temperatures and tree ring proxies to reconstruct Northern Hemisphere temperatures over the past 1,450 years. Introduced a new calibration technique between proxy temperatures and instrumental temperatures.

Juckes et al. 2007: Combined multiple older reconstructions into a meta-analysis. Also used existing proxies to calculate a new Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction.

Wahl and Ammann 2007: Used the tree ring proxies, glacial proxies, and borehole proxies used by Mann et al. (1998, 1999) to recalculate Northern Hemisphere temperatures since AD 800. Refuted the McIntyre and McKitrick criticisms and showed that those criticisms were based on flawed statistical techniques.

Wilson, et al. 2007: Reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperatures from AD 1750 to AD 2000 using tree ring proxies that did not show a divergence problem after AD 1960.

Mann et al. 2008: Reconstructed global temperatures between AD 200 and AD 2000 using 1,209 independent proxies ranging from tree rings to boreholes to sediment cores to stalagmite cores to Greenland and Antarctic ice cores.

Kaufman, et al. 2009: Used tree rings, lake sediment cores, and glacial ice cores to reconstruct Arctic temperatures between 1 BC and 2000 AD.

von Storch et al. 2009: Tested three different temperature reconstruction techniques to show that the Composite plus Scaling method was better than the other two methods.

Frank et al. 2010: A brief history of proxy temperature reconstructions, as well as analysis of the main questions remaining in temperature reconstructions.

Kellerhals et al. 2010: Used ammonium concentration in a glacial ice core to reconstruct tropical South American temperatures over the past 1,600 years.

Ljungqvist 2010: Reconstructed extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere temperatures from AD 1 to AD 2000 using historical records, sediment cores, tree rings, and stalagmites.

Thibodeau et al. 2010: Reconstructed temperatures at the bottom of the Gulf of St. Lawrence since AD 1000 via sediment cores.

Tingley and Huybers 2010a, 2010b: Used a Bayesian approach to reconstruct North American temperatures.

Büntgen et al. 2011: Used tree ring proxies to reconstruct Central European temperatures between 500 BC and AD 2000.

Kemp et al. 2011: Reconstructed sea levels off North Carolina, USA from 100 BC to AD 2000 using sediment cores. They also showed that sea levels changed with global temperature for at least the past millennium.

Kinnard et al. 2011: Used multiple proxies to reconstruct late summer Arctic sea ice between AD 561 and AD 1995, using instrumental data to extend their record to AD 2000.

Martin-Chivelet et al. 2011: Reconstructed temperatures in the Iberian Peninsula from 2000 BC to AD 2000 using stalagmites.

Spielhagen et al. 2011: Reconstructed marine temperatures in the Fram Strait from 100 BC to AD 2000 using sediment cores.

Esper et al. 2012: Used tree ring proxies to reconstruct Northern Scandinavian temperatures 100 BC to AD 2000. May have solved the post-AD 1960 tree ring divergence problem.

Ljungqvist et al. 2012: Used a network of 120 tree ring proxies, ice core proxies, pollen records, sediment cores, and historical documents to reconstruct Northern Hemisphere temperatures between AD 800 and AD 2000, with emphasis on proxies recording the Medieval Warm Period.

Melvin et al. 2012: Reanalyzed tree ring data for the Torneträsk region of northern Sweden.

Abram et al. 2013: Reconstructed snow melt records and temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula since AD 1000 using ice core records.

Marcott, et al. 2013: Reconstructed global temperatures over the past 11,000 years using sediment cores. Data ended at AD 1940.

PAGES 2k Consortium 2013: Used multiple proxies (tree rings, sediment cores, ice cores, stalagmites, pollen, etc) to reconstruct regional and global temperatures since AD 1.

Rhodes et al. 2013: Used proxy and instrumental records to reconstruct global temperatures from AD 1753 to AD 2011.

The proper response to someone who asserts that the Hockey Stick has been falsified is to ask "Which one?"
***

Links for each claim here: http://environmentalforest.blogspot.co. ... -team.html
"I'm not a skeptic because I want to believe, I'm a skeptic because I want to know." --Michael Shermer

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Sun Mar 08, 2015 2:51 pm

This is what warming looks like. California is in real trouble:

"...the real headline in California continues to be the exceptionally warm conditions that have persisted now for well over a year. December-February 2014-2015 was officially California’s warmest winter on record by a wide margin. February 2015 was California’s singularly warmest February on record. All of this, of course, falls on the heels of the 2014 calendar year–which was California’s warmest calendar year (and 12-month period) on record. While I realize this is all starting to sound like a broken record, that’s precisely why it bears repeating: California (and most of its geographic subregions) have been breaking high temperature records almost continuously for most of the past two years."
"...the average elevation of the freezing level in California’s mountain regions has been thousands of feet above what has historically been observed. This record-shattering warmth has been accompanied by generally below-average precipitation, which has been particularly pronounced in the central and southern Sierra Nevada. Further, the precipitation that has fallen in California this winter came in short but intense bursts–and has come interspersed between record dry spells. This combination of record warmth and notable dryness has culminated in a statewide snowpack which has now reached or even exceeded all-time record low levels."
http://www.weatherwest.com/archives/2995

Image

From: http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/0 ... ange-rate/
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Fri Mar 13, 2015 7:49 pm

"Arctic ice cap near all-time winter low"
Image

"Sea ice in the Arctic is near its all-time minimum for the end of winter and could break the previous record within the next two weeks if it fails to grow, according to the latest satellite data. The area of the Arctic covered by floating sea ice is already the lowest for this time of year, highlighting the long-term warming trend experienced by the region in both winter and summer months. ...
Sea ice in summer has shrunk by 30 per cent on average over the past 30 years while average temperatures in the Arctic have risen by about 4C – more than 3C warmer than the global average."
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/03/1 ... winter-low

***
What warming looks like:
"NASA: Earth Tops Hottest 12 Months On Record Again, Thanks To Warm February"
"There had never been as hot a 12-month period in NASA’s database as February 2014–January 2015. But that turned out to be a very short-lived record.
NASA reported this weekend that last month was the second-hottest February on record, which now makes March 2014–February 2015 the hottest 12 months on record."
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/0 ... hs-record/
Image

***
Trailer for the Merchants of Doubt documentary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8ii9zGFDtc

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Mon Apr 27, 2015 9:50 pm

State of Earth in 4 Climate Trends

The Number: 400 ppm
The Trend: Current level of CO2, up from pre-industrial levels of 280 ppm:

Image

The Number: 1.6°F
The Trend: Rise in global temperatures since 1880

Image

The Number: 361
The Trend: Consecutive months of above-normal temps
...it’s the trend that really stands out. As of March, the globe has had 361 consecutive months of above-normal temperatures according to the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).
You’d have to go back to February 1985 to find the last cooler-than-average month. Which means if you’re younger than 30, you’ve never experienced a cooler-than-average month.

Image

The Number: 10
The Trend: The 10 hottest years on record have occurred since 1998

Image

And regardless of surface warming trends, oceans have continued to take up a whopping 93 percent of the extra heat that greenhouse gases emissions are trapping here on Earth."

Scientific American
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Mon May 18, 2015 11:48 am

Solar panels are important because...

"...solar panels, like wind turbines and solar thermal power plants, eliminate the emission of CO2 which would otherwise occur from electricity production.
...,each molecule of CO2 released thermal energy when it was formed — that’s why we formed it. In the case of electricity generation, about 1/3 of its thermal energy went out a wire as electric power, the rest was released promptly as waste heat. But each molecule of CO2, during its subsequent lifetime in the atmosphere, traps 100,000 times more heat than was released during its formation.
A hundred thousand is a big number. It means that running a handheld electric hairdryer on US grid electricity delivers a planet-warming punch comparable to [the heat given off by] two Boeing 747s operating at full takeoff power for the same time period. The warming is delivered over time, not promptly, but that don’t matter; the planetary heating is accrued, the accountants would say, the moment you hit the switch."
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2009/1 ... -myhrvold/
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Wed Jun 24, 2015 1:56 pm

"I'm not a skeptic because I want to believe, I'm a skeptic because I want to know." --Michael Shermer

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Sat Sep 05, 2015 8:20 am

The Great Polar Melt Continues

Image

We are nearing the end of the summer melt season in the High Arctic and once again we are flirting with the lowest amount of sea ice on record. The graph above is a striking confirmation of just what is happening.
Here is the latest from NSIDC:
August saw a remarkably steady decline in Arctic sea ice extent, at a rate slightly faster than the long-term average. Forecasts show that this year’s minimum sea ice extent, which typically occurs in mid to late September, is likely to be the third or fourth lowest in the satellite record. All four of the lowest extents have occurred since 2007. In mid-August, Antarctic sea ice extent began to trend below the 1981 to 2010 average for the first time since November 2011."
http://blogs.agu.org/wildwildscience/20 ... U.facebook
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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Wed Sep 16, 2015 12:36 am

What warming looks like:
"NASA reports that this was the hottest start to any year on record by far. This was the hottest August by far in the dataset of the Japan Meteorological Agency, and close to tied with 2014 for hottest August in the NASA dataset.
With the underlying long-term warming trend adding to the short-term warming from the strongest El Niño since the big one of 1997-1998, you can bet the house that this will be the hottest year on record by far."
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/0 ... rd-warmth/

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Re: Global Warming General Thread

Postby Dardedar » Wed Sep 16, 2015 10:32 am

Image

The monthly anomaly of the global average surface temperature in August 2015 (i.e. the average of the near-surface air temperature over land and the SST) was +0.45°C above the 1981-2010 average (+0.79°C above the 20th century average), and was the warmest since 1891. On a longer time scale, global average surface temperatures have risen at a rate of about 0.65°C per century.

http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/produc ... g_wld.html
"I'm not a skeptic because I want to believe, I'm a skeptic because I want to know." --Michael Shermer


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